2014 Intermediate Thermodynamics Midterm Exam
What are your favourite days to have the thermodynamics midterm quiz?
 Friday April 18th   9 Sunday April 20th   4 Monday April 21st   7 Tuesday April 22nd   3 Wednesday April 23rd   6 Thursday April 24th   13 Friday April 25th   23 Sunday April 27th   38
Total votes: 103. Total voters: 59.
Please select your favourite days to have the thermodynamics midterm quiz. You can select up to 3 days. Based on your votes we will choose an optimal time for the midterm next Monday. Please vote before next Monday :)
 04.08.14
 Midterm Quiz
April 27th 2014
19:00 — 21:00

NO NOTES OR BOOKS; USE THERMODYNAMICS TABLES THAT WERE DISTRIBUTED; ANSWER ALL 4 QUESTIONS; ALL QUESTIONS HAVE EQUAL VALUE.
 05.27.14
 Question #1
Starting from Newton's law $\vec{F}=m\vec{a}$, the first law of thermo ${\rm d}(mh) - V {\rm d}P=\delta Q -\delta W$, and the mass conservation equation in differential form, show that the 1D energy conservation in differential form corresponds to: $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} \rho \left( e + \frac{1}{2} v^2 + gy \right) + \frac{\partial}{\partial y} \rho v\left( h + \frac{1}{2} v^2 + gy \right) = \frac{\rho \delta Q}{m \Delta t}-\frac{\rho \delta W}{m \Delta t}$$
 Question #2
Consider nitrogen gas (N$_2$) at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Do the following:
 (a) Find the average number of N$_2$ molecules striking the container walls per second per square meter. (b) A 1 m$^3$ glass bulb contains N$_2$ gas at a temperature of $300$ K and at a pressure of 1 atmosphere. The glass bulb, which is to be used in conjunction with some other experiment, is itself enclosed in a large evacuated chamber. Unfortunately the glass bulb has, unknown to the experimenter, a small pinhole about $10^{-4}$ cm radius. To assess the importance of this hole, estimate the time required for 1% of the N$_2$ molecules to escape from the bulb into the surrounding vacuum.
 Question #3
Consider air being heated as it flows through a constant-area duct. At the duct entrance, the air has a pressure of 2 bars, a temperature of 300 K and a speed of 90 m/s. At the duct exit, the air has a pressure of 1.5 bars and a speed of 350 m/s. Do the following:
 (a) Find the temperature of the air at the duct exit (b) Determine the heat transfer per unit mass of air flowing through the duct in J/kg.
 Question #4
In a gas turbine engine, the combustion products are expanded to ambient pressure through a nozzle as follows: The gas constant and the specific heat at constant pressure of the combustion products is of $415$ J/kgK and of $1800$ J/kgK respectively and can be taken as constant throughout the nozzle. The properties at the nozzle entrance are as follows: $P_1=10$ bar, $T_1=2000$ K, $v_1=40$ m/s. Knowing that friction induces a change in specific entropy between the nozzle exit and entrance of $s_2-s_1=264.6$ J/kgK and that the pressure at the nozzle exit corresponds to $P_2=1$ bar, do the following:
 (a) Find the polytropic coefficient $n$ for this process (recall the polytropic relationship $P/\rho^n={\rm constant}$). (b) Which common thermodynamic process (isentropic, adiabatic, reversible, isochoric, isobaric, etc) is closest to the process taking place in the nozzle? (c) For cross-sectional areas at the nozzle entrance and exit equal to $A_1=1$ m$^2$ and $A_2=0.9$ m$^2$ respectively, determine the flow speed at the nozzle exit.
 2. $3.17 \times 10^{27} ~{\rm particules/m^2 s}$; 284 days. 3. 875 K, 635 kJ/kg. 4. 1.2, isentropic, 303 m/s.
 $\pi$