Installing XFCE Alongside ChromeOS HOWTO  
Enable Developer Mode
Turn off your chromebook. When it is turned off, press the ESC, RELOAD, and POWER keys simultaneously for a couple of seconds. You'll boot into developer mode. When presented with a warning screen, press ctrl-D.
Install XFCE
After you've booted in developer mode and are logged in your chromebook, download crouton here:
Then press ctrl-alt-t to open up a terminal tab. Within the terminal tab, first type:
To install the latest ubuntu distro with the chrome browser and the xfce environment, type:
sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -e -t xfce,chrome
Then wait 20-30 minutes or so for the crouton script to complete the installation.
Launch XFCE
Open a terminal by typing ctrl-alt-t. Within the terminal, type
And within the shell type
sudo startxfce4
Install Additional Packages
Open a terminal and first update the package list:
sudo apt-get update
Then install the following packages:
sudo apt-get install gdebi gksu texlive texlive-latex-extra texlive-fonts-extra make fonts-unfonts-core tcsh firefox synaptic xfig valgrind ffmpeg gimp gnuplot paraview xfce4-whiskermenu-plugin elementary-icon-theme lm-sensors gcc git pluma atril caja mate-terminal rpl imagemagick seahorse flashplugin-installer mpi-default-dev ubuntu-restricted-extras
Install Acroread
First install libxml2
sudo apt-get install libgtk2.0-0:i386 libnss3-1d:i386 libnspr4-0d:i386 libxml2:i386 libxslt1.1:i386 libstdc++6:i386
Download the acroread package here: ... ux_enu.deb
Install it as follows:
cd ~/Downloads
sudo dpkg -i AdbeRdr9.5.5-1_i386linux_enu.deb
Setup Git
At the prompt tell git your email and name:
git config --global ""
git config --global "Bernard Parent"
Setup Display Dimming
At the prompt type
xset -dpms
Go in the Whisker menu and find XFCE Power Manager -> Display. Then make sure the display management is handled by XFCE.
Change the Default Shell
Edit the password file:
sudo vi /etc/passwd
Search for the main user's username and change the shell to /bin/tcsh from /bin/bash. Then, edit the file /etc/csh.cshrc:
sudo vi /etc/csh.cshrc
and add the following at the end:
set prompt = "%B%m%b.%B%n%b:%~%# "
bindkey -k up history-search-backward
bindkey -k down history-search-forward
bindkey "^I" complete-word-fwd
Other ChromeOS Shell Commands
To list all Linux releases:
sh ~/Downloads/crouton -r list
To install a new release called artful as a chroot:
sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -e -t xfce,chrome -n artful
To list all installed chroots, type the following:
sudo edit-chroot -al
To launch a specific chroot (eg. xenial):
sudo startxfce4 -n xenial
More commands here: ... heat-Sheet
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