Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics Questions and Answers
Question by AME536A Student
There is something controversial concerning the assignment number 5 question 4. In class, you told us that we have to prove with Bernoulli that the velocity at the exit is equal to the velocity at the inlet meaning that from the mass conservation the area in both inlet and exit are also equal. If we have to follow the figure as mentioned, the area at the exit is bigger and more specifically $A_{exit}=d \frac{B}{cos(30)}=dL$ meaning that $q_{exit}=12.0284$ m/s leading to different results.
 10.16.19
The cross-sectional area of the reflected snow can (in fact, must!) be found through Bernoulli. It's indicated in the question statement that there is no friction, so Bernoulli's equation certainly applies. Also note that measuring cross-sectional area of the reflected snow can't be done with certainty given the drawing dimensions (in the figure, it wasn't clear what $d$ of the reflected snow stood for exactly). Also, $B/\cos(30)$ is not the width of the reflected snow — build a 3D model of the snow with a sheet of paper to convince yourself of this. Albeit coming a bit later than I would like, thank you for the question: I can see how the dimension $d$ of the reflected snow was not clear in this respect and made a change in the figure in consequence.
 Question by AME536A Student In assignment #7 Question #2, what is the difference between streamline and particle path physically?
 10.20.19
Streamline is the line that is composed of the velocity vectors linked to one another. Particle path is the path of a fluid element in space and time. Note that at steady-state, the streamline and the particle path coincide. But when the flow is unsteady, they differ.
 Question by AME536A Student For problem #1 on homework #7, we are asked to solve for the pressure inside a satellite as a function of time. You gave us the speed and mass flux in terms of the molecules, so we can solve with the energy equations. We are a bit confused on the starting point. Do we start from the isentropic relation equation and solve in conjunction with the momentum equation (like we found compressible stagnation pressure), $$\frac{P}{\rho^{\gamma}_{}} = constant$$ or do we start the solution from the energy transport equation? $$\frac{d}{dt}\int_{}^{}\rho EdV + \int_{}^{} \left(\rho H \overrightarrow{\rm v} \right) \cdot \overrightarrow{\rm n} ds = \int_{}^{} \dot{Q} dV$$
 10.22.19
Start from the total energy transport equation. Find the answer without assuming an isentropic path. If you solve the problem assuming an isentropic path, would you get the same answer? Why or why not?
 Question by AME536A Student For problem #1 on Homework #7 I am facing a problem in finding the exact expression for the pressure. Starting from the energy transport equation $\frac{d}{dt}\int_{}^{}\rho EdV + \int_{}^{} \left(\rho H \overrightarrow{\rm v} \right) \cdot \overrightarrow{\rm n} ds = 0$ with $H=h+0.5u_{exit}^2$ where $u_{exit}=0.25\sqrt{\frac{8RT}{\pi}}$ and $E=e$ because the kinetic energy is considerable only near the hole I got $T(t)=T_i \left(\frac{\rho(t)}{\rho_i}\right)^{\frac{4\pi+1}{10\pi}}$. By substituting to the mass conservation equation I got an expression without $\gamma$. Is my process correct or I am missing something?
 10.23.19
Yes you are missing a term! Don't make an assumption and remove terms unless you have no other option. Keep your expression as complete as possible.
 Question by AME536A Student For Assignment 7, #1: We have gotten to this point, and despite our best efforts have not been able to get to the solution provided at the end of the assignment. Would it be possible to go over this question in class and/or receive an extension (since many of us have had at least one midterm this week)? $$[1 - \frac{1}{20} \frac{A}{V} \sqrt{\frac{8RT}{\pi}}(\frac{8}{32\pi}+1)]^{\frac{2\gamma - 2}{\gamma}}_{} = \frac{P}{P^{}_{i}}$$
I'll give you an extension until Tuesday 11:00. The quiz will take place on Tuesday, not tomorrow.
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 $\pi$